It’s almost time for another school year to begin, making now the perfect time to establish a mosquito management program for schools and daycare facilities. While most mosquitoes do not pose a threat to human health beyond itchy, red bites, several species can transmit serious diseases including zika, West Nile virus, malaria, several types of encephalitis, yellow fever, dengue fever, and chikungunya virus.
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) System
To protect children, teachers, and workers who spend a significant portion of their days at schools and daycare facilities, it is important to implement an integrated pest management (IPM) system. An IPM system is a common sense, environmentally friendly approach to controlling pests by focusing on pest prevention, integrating multiple control methods, and using pesticides as needed on school and daycare grounds. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommends that schools use IPM systems as a Smart, Sensible and Sustainable approach to pest control:
¥ Smart: “creates a safer and healthier learning environment by managing pests and reducing children’s exposure to pests and pesticides.”
¥ Sensible: “practical strategies are used to reduce sources of food, water and shelter for pests in school buildings and grounds.”
¥ Sustainable: “emphasis is on prevention, which makes it an economically advantageous approach.”
The Mosquito Squad Green Formula
Mosquito Squad will survey and point out area conditions that are attractive to mosquitoes (standing or runoff water, decaying or overgrown vegetation, etc.), use larvacide in any low areas or standing water to prevent new mosquitoes from emerging, and apply pesticide as needed. Many pest control companies claim to be “green” or “all natural” by using pyrethrum (a spray derived from flowers). At Mosquito Squad we use the more effective synthetic version of pyrethrum (called both a pyrethroid and a pyrethrin) that works better but doesn’t break down as fast. Unlike other companies we also use a combination of both bifenthrin and cyfluthrin. Most other companies don’t use a combination of these because while bifenthrin costs around $25-30 a gallon and quickly eliminates mosquitoes, cyfluthrin costs about $200 a gallon, but will keep working long after our application.
If you have questions about the Mosquito Squad formula or are interested in establishing an integrated pest management system for mosquitoes near your school or daycare facility, call us today! We offer the latest and safest technology in mosquito control. Plus, we offer a 100% satisfaction guarantee!
Approximately 20% of people are especially attractive to mosquitoes and therefore get bitten more often than others. Why are some people mosquito magnets, while others rarely get bitten? All mosquitoes feed off plant nectar, but female mosquitoes suck blood in order to get the protein they need to produce their eggs. Studies have found that these momma mosquitoes have preferences about which humans are tastiest.
The main attractor for mosquitoes is your metabolic rate, or how much carbon dioxide (CO2) your body releases. Mosquitoes are drawn to higher levels of CO2, so larger individuals and pregnant women are more likely to be bitten. Drinking beer and exercising also raise your metabolic rate therefore making you more attractive to mosquitoes.
Clothing and Hair Color
Mosquitoes’ first mode of search is through vision. Dark colored clothing is especially attractive to them, but they are more attracted to blonde hair than darker colored hair.
Hormones, Chemicals, and Bacteria
While carbon dioxide is mosquitoes’ primary attractant, other smells lure them to you.
Lactic acid (given off while exercising), acetone (a chemical released in your breath), estradiol (a breakdown product of estrogen), and octenol (produces by sweating), and some types of bacteria on skin draw mosquitoes.
Mosquitoes land on Type O blood types most frequently and Type A least frequently, with Type A blood types being half as likely to be bitten than those with Type O. Type B blood types lie somewhere in the middle. 85% of people excrete a chemical that announces to mosquitoes the type of blood they have. These people are more attractive to mosquitoes than the 15% who do not excrete the chemical—regardless of their blood type.
The more times you get bitten by a particular species of mosquito, the less you will react to that species over time. Unfortunately, more than 3,000 species are found worldwide. While a lot of reasons why mosquitoes are drawn to some people more than others are genetic, you can still take precaution to prevent being bombarded with bites. Apply DEET-based repellents and wear light-colored, protective clothing when outside and reduce mosquitoes around your home or business by calling Mosquito Squad! We provide effective solutions to keep the mosquitoes at bay, helping you to stay itch-free. At Mosquito Squad, our mission is to protect you from the nuisance and dangers of mosquitoes. Call us today to discuss your mosquito control needs.
Pesky mosquitoes aren’t only annoying, they can also carry dangerous vector-borne diseases. To protect your family (and pets) from the nuisance and danger of mosquitoes, you need a mosquito control treatment that focuses on the areas of your property where mosquitoes will live and breed. Mosquito Squad’s most popular service, our barrier protection spray, eliminates mosquitoes on contact and continues working for up to 21 days. This spray will create an invisible barrier around your property and eliminate mosquitoes that enter your yard. This means that even if your neighbor doesn’t use a mosquito control treatment, when mosquitoes from their yard cross into your yard they will land on a treated area and either leave or be eliminated.
Team Up with Your Neighbors
Proper preventative measures can make a huge difference in your local mosquito population, especially eliminating any standing water to eliminate popular mosquito breeding grounds. You can politely remind neighbors to inspect their yards for anything that could potentially promote the growth of a mosquito population and team up to spread knowledge and helpful prevention tips throughout your community. You can share mosquito reduction tips that you have learned at neighborhood meetings, in neighborhood newsletters, or on your neighborhood website. You can also recommend Mosquito Squad to help your neighbors with their mosquito issues. We can help you and your neighbors create a mosquito-free zone in your neighborhood and throughout your community.
Why Mosquito Squad?
As America’s most trusted mosquito control company, Mosquito Squad offers an array of effective techniques for controlling mosquitoes such as mosquito control barrier treatment or our all natural treatment giving you season long protection. Mosquito Squad also does special event treatments. Don’t let pesky mosquitoes ruin your outdoor fun! Enjoy your backyard or outdoor living space again with Mosquito Squad’s mosquito control services. Our top-of-the-line services will help you take back your yard. Not sure which program is best suited to your needs? Not a problem! You can arrange for a no obligation, free consultation and estimate with a friendly and knowledgeable Mosquito Squad professional. Warmer weather is upon us and you’ll be wanting to enjoy more time in your backyard with your friends and family. Call us today so you can enjoy a comfortable and mosquito-free outdoor area!
Mosquito-vectored diseases have been around for centuries, but the concept of disease transmission by mosquitoes was first recognized in 1877 by Sir Patrick Manson. While there are many types of mosquito-vectored diseases, here’s a quick look at the history of six common types.
In a letter from Italy in 1740, Horace Walpole, derived the term “malaria” from the Italian ‘mal-aria" or “bad air” due to the belief it came on the wind from swamps and rivers. Likely originating in Africa, malaria was described by the Chinese as early as 2700 BC and by the Sumerians in 1700 BC. In the United States malaria wasn’t effectively controlled until the 1940s. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) states there are between 350 and 500 million cases of malaria every year and one million deaths from the disease.
Derived from the Kimakonde (a Mozambique dialect) word meaning “that which bends up” (which describes the primary symptom, excruciating joint pain), “Chikungunya” is rarely fatal but has no vaccine. The first recorded outbreak of this disease may have been in 1779 and the virus was first discovered in Tanganyika, Africa, in 1952. Chikungunya outbreaks have occurred in Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and have recently spread to Europe and the Americas.
Dengue Fever, or Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, is found throughout the Americas, Asia and Africa. The name “dengue” may be derived from the Swahili phrase “Ka-dinga pepo”, meaning "cramp-like seizure caused by an evil spirit”. A Chinese medical encyclopedia from the Jin Dynasty (265–420 AD) is believed to contain the first recorded case of probable dengue fever, which referred to a “water poison” associated with flying insects. According to the WHO, dengue is considered a disease on the rise, with over 50 million cases worldwide each year.
Yellow fever has caused hundreds of epidemics during its 400-year history. For instance, in 1793, the United States Government, along with President George Washington, were forced to flee Philadelphia (the capital of the country at the time) due to a Yellow Fever Epidemic. Currently only occurring in tropical areas of Africa and the Americas, the disease has no real treatment. Yellow fever occurs naturally in reservoir populations of monkeys in Africa and can then be transmitted to humans via mosquitoes when the mosquitoes first bite the infected monkeys and then humans. The advent of a vaccine 1937, has controlled the spread of Yellow fever, but every year about 200,000 cases occur with 30,000 deaths in 33 countries.
West Nile virus (WNV)
West Nile virus (WNV) was first isolated in 1937 in Uganda, Africa. In 1999 the virus gained widespread attention when an outbreak occurred in New York City with 62 confirmed cases and 7 deaths. WNV then quickly spread to the rest of North America, the Caribbean, and Central America. As of 2014, there have been 36,437 cases of WNV reported to CDC. Of these, 15,774 have resulted in meningitis/encephalitis and 1538 were fatal.
First discovered in macaque monkeys in 1947 in the Zika Forest region of Uganda, the Zika virus has now spread to 35 countries in the Americas, with 426 reported cases as of April 2016. The illness is usually quite mild so patients may not seek medical treatment (meaning many cases are not reported). Microcephaly, a congenital defect of newborn’s cranium and brain sizes can be caused by Zika infection as well as the autoimmune condition Guillain-Barré syndrome, which causes damage to nerve cells resulting in muscle weakness and occasionally paralysis and death.
We go to great lengths to keep our pets happy and healthy. We take time to choose the right food, make sure they get plenty of exercise, and have regular checkups at the veterinarian. As pet parents, we are also concerned about parasites, specifically heartworm, spread through mosquito bites. Although our pets are protected by their fur, many areas of their body are still exposed, such as their ears and nose. As with humans, a bite from a mosquito is annoying and itchy, but in pets it can also lead to serious parasitic diseases, such as heartworm. While both dogs and cats are at risk for heartworm, the disease is more common in dogs since they usually spend more time outside exposed to mosquitoes.
What is Heartworm?
Dirofilaria immitis, more commonly referred to as heartworm disease, is a serious parasitic condition caused by a worm, which lives in the blood vessels and heart of infected pets. When an infected dog is bitten, the heartworm offspring can then be passed to the next dog the mosquito bites. A heartworm can grow into a parasite up to a foot in length and cause injury to the lungs, arteries, and the heart and can be fatal if left untreated. Symptoms of heart worm infection include lethargy, coughing, vomiting, difficulty breathing, and fainting. These symptoms are also associated with other canine diseases so a blood test is often required to confirm an infection. Heartworm has been confirmed in all 50 states and throughout Canada, and nearly 250,000 dogs are treated each year for heartworm infections.
Heartworm Prevention Through Mosquito Control
To help protect your dogs and cats from mosquitoes it is vital to engage in multiple forms of mosquito control. Obviously, keeping your pet indoors will reduce their risk, but that often isn’t an around the clock option. Instead, keep your pets inside in the early morning and early evening, when mosquitoes are most active. You also want to take measures to control the mosquito population in your local environment. Because mosquitoes breed and thrive in standing water, be sure to remove sources of stagnant water around your home’s exterior, change water bowls frequently, and avoid walking your dog in marshy places. As a precaution, put your pets on heartworm prevention programs.
Call Mosquito Squad
Both you and your pets will benefit from controlling the mosquito population around your home. In addition to taking the above measures, you should also have your yard treated regularly. Let Mosquito Squad show you mosquito habitats on your property and provide you with helpful recommendations to keep your home and yard mosquito free. Our treatments will help protect your pets and by maintaining a regular schedule. Call us today to get started on a regular treatment plan that will allow you, your family, and your pets to spend countless carefree hours outdoors.
You may notice that mosquitoes disappear in cold weather, but unfortunately they aren’t really gone. Being cold-blooded, mosquitoes prefer temperatures over 80 degrees, but they have several strategies for surviving the winter, depending on the species and the climate. In the fall, mosquitoes mate and the males die. Then females either find a protected place to wait out the cold weather or lay their eggs and die.
In the fall, most species of female mosquitoes switch from blood to rotting fruit or nectar to double their weight for the winter. They then like to hide in partially heated spaces, such as cellars, barns, and houses or in dark and damp outdoor places that are protected from the cold and the snow, like storm sewers, hollow logs and trees, under bark or piles of leaves, among tree roots, and in animal burrows. It takes extremely cold temperatures for these female mosquitoes to die and when temperatures begin to rise, they set out from their hiding places in search of a bloodmeal, so they can lay their eggs and continue their species.
Dormant Eggs and Larvae
In late summer or fall, a small group of mosquito species lay winter hardy eggs in freezing water or in areas where the ground is moist, and then die. These eggs have a special shell that allows them to stay dormant and withstand the cold of the winter. They then hatch when the temperatures rise and conditions become favorable again, usually after a sufficient rain fall. Some mosquito species hatch in the fall and hibernate in the larval stage in water. Their development is suspended and metabolism is slowed as the water temperature drops. The larvae will remain in a state of diapause and then resume development when the water warms again.
Protecting Your Home
Don’t let your home be a winter vacation spot for mosquitoes! Just as you need to protect your yard and the outside of your home from mosquitoes in the winter, you also need to protect the inside of your home. Check dehumidifier, refrigerator, and AC unit drip pans. Think about unseen areas of standing water that could be in your home, such as potted plant containers, unused floor drains in laundry rooms or basements, shower drains in bathrooms that are rarely or never used, or sump pump pits. Any area of standing water can breed mosquitoes…even in the winter!
If you are having issues with mosquitoes in your home this winter or want additional information on where these pesky insects may be hiding, give Mosquito Squad a call today! As America’s most trusted mosquito control company, we have suggestions and solutions for all of your mosquito related problems.
Not only are mosquitoes annoying, but mosquito-borne illnesses (Zika, West Nile, malaria, and chikungunya) have become major health concerns in recent years. Cleaning up your yard during the off season by eliminating standing water sources and excess vegetation will go a long way toward keeping mosquitoes off your property throughout the year.
Eliminate Standing Water Sources
Your #1 line of defense in protecting your yard from mosquitos is to eliminate any potential areas of standing water. A single mosquito only needs a bottle cap-size pool of water to lay up to 300 eggs! Dump water from plant pots, old tires, buckets, air conditioning drip pans, children’s sandboxes, wagons or plastic toys. After dumping water, be sure to scrub the area directly above the water line to completely rid the item of eggs which can remain stuck to the sides and survive for years. Change the water regularly in bird baths and animal drinking containers. Inspect your home and buildings on your property for clogged gutters, pooled water on a flat roof, obstructed down spouts, and leaking hoses. Add proper covers to rain barrels and garbage cans and be sure tarps over firewood, boats, sports equipment, or outdoor pools are taut and not holding water.
Treat water in ponds, pools, and fountains
If you do not wish to empty your ponds, pools, and fountains, be sure to treat them in some way. Mosquitoes prefer standing, non-flowing water, so use an aeration pump, water bubbler, or pond aerator to keep the water circulating. You can also use a biorational larvicide which is harmless to waterfowl, fish, pets, and humans. You may also consider stocking fish such as guppies, the annual killifish, and the Western Mosquitofish to feed on mosquito eggs and larvae.
Trim foliage and vegetation
Mosquitoes feed on plant nectar when they aren’t sucking human blood like little vampires. They like areas of heavy vegetation where it’s damp and cool, so rid your lawn of tall weeds and overgrowth in dense vegetation areas such as trees, shrubs, and weeds. Keep your lawn mowed and clean up any yard debris such as grass clippings and piles of leaves.
Try professional mosquito control
If these steps still don’t produce adequate results, utilize a mosquito elimination barrier treatment around your home and yard. These time-released mosquito barrier treatments eliminate up to 90% of the mosquitoes on your property and reduce your need to use DEET-containing bug spray on your body. Plus, at Mosquito Squad, our traditional spray has a side effect that also control ticks, spiders, and cockroaches.
As America’s most trusted mosquito control company, Mosquito Squad is passionate about protecting you and your home from the dangers of mosquitoes. Call us to discuss additional mosquito protection measures or to schedule a mosquito elimination barrier treatment for your home today!